~ Fruit, Vegetables, Vitamin C Associated with Improved Bone Mineral Content

óD Dye, Life Extension

The June, 2006 issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition published the finding of researchers in Cambridge, England that bone mineral content in older women and adolescent boys and girls was associated with greater fruit and vegetable intake.

The current study used data from studies that included 132 boys and 125 girls between the ages of 16 to 18 who took part in the Cambridge Bone Studies, women between the ages of 23 and 37 who were a part of the Young Women's Pregnancy Study, and 70 men and 73 women aged 60 to 83 who had been recruited for the Vitamins K and D Study. Seven day food diaries provided information on fruits, vegetables and other foods consumed. Height, weight, bone mineral content, bone area and bone mineral density were determined for subjects in all three studies.

Positive associations were found between fruit, as well as combined fruit and vegetable intake and bone mineral content, bone area, and size-adjusted bone mineral density at most skeletal sites examined in boys. A relationship was also found between increased femoral neck bone mineral content and whole body, spine and femoral neck bone mineral density and vitamin C intake. For girls, combined fruit and vegetable intake was associated with whole body and spine bone mineral density, and fruit alone with spine bone mineral content and bone mineral density. Among older women, a positive association was found between spine bone mineral content and fruit intake. No associations between bone measurements and fruit and/or vegetables were found for young women or older men.

Because adolescence is a crucial period of bone growth, a greater intake of fruit and vegetables among individuals in this age group could help lower the risk of osteoporosis later in life.

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